Different style of beer means different set of rules and it’s up to the brewers to follow them or not. Some styles can be classified as a classics with a typical taste profile mainly the ones from UK, Germany, Belgium. These taste profiles change over time as they are evolving. For example IPA(Indian Pale Ale) was originally made in England and ship to India, strong well-hopped beer experienced maturation during the long sea journey. Then American craft brewers took the idea of strong hoppy beer and by using American hops turned it into beer with a citrus like taste profile.
Difference between Lager and Ale
Difference is not only in fermentation process but also in flavour and texture. Ales are brewed in a higher temperature and are typically more robust, bitter and slightly less carbonated then lagers with higher alcohol content. Lager are aged longer (stored) near bottom freezing temperatures. Ales use top-fermentation process.
Styles of Lager
Method producing styles of beer which is light in flavour and body, crisp and refreshing.
A lager, which can range from sweet to bitter and pale to black, is usually used to describe bottom-fermented brews of German, and Czech styles. Most, however, are a pale to medium colour, have high carbonation, and a medium to high hop flavour.
Although the American style of lagers tend to be pale and weak flavour.
The only true Pilsener is brewed in Pilsen Czech republic and is light coloured dry lager. Pilsner stands out from other lagers because of its more distinctive hop taste. Other beers which are called Pilsener brewed elsewhere are simply been made in the Pilsener style.
Styles of Ales
Produced by top fermentation brewing, usually full bodied with heavy hop flavour.
Also known as Amber Ale. Bitter made with hops with assertive bitter hop flavour. Light bodied with low carbonation and low alcohol content. Fruity aroma and flavour.
Light- gold coloured ale with hoppy flavour
Light bodied ale with dark rich colour. Similar to stout but with lower alcohol content. Traditional British style with rich coffee like flavour.
Not as sweet to the taste. Made with dark roasted grain for a full bodied dark ale. It’s very malty hoppy with added roasted barley for a flavour and colour.
Made from wheat and barley, top-fermented. Mostly sour beers which are sometimes sweetened or flavoured with fruits.
It’s called also Weissbier or White beer. It’s technically ale due to top-fermentation. Made from wheat grain and malted barley. Light and easy to drink with very little aftertaste. Wheat provides a soft character to beer and is sometimes hazy or cloudy with a touch of spice notes.